Prospects for Peace in the Two Sudans
IDN has an ongoing collaboration with the Conflict Resolution Program at The Carter Center to focus on conflict resolution and peacebuilding in Sudan and South Sudan. Events in this series draw upon a The Center’s informal network of regional experts to address current issues as well as ongoing challenges related to securing peace and stability in Sudan and South Sudan. Participants in this series come to Atlanta to share their expertise with the Emory community and work with The Carter Center. In February 2012, the “Prospects for Peace in Sudan and South Sudan” series was launched with a series of events involving diplomats and scholars from the U.S. and Africa.
The Carter Center has been present in Sudan for more than 26 years with programs involving agriculture, disease eradication, democracy and conflict resolution. President Carter first mediated between the North and South in 1989 in Nairobi and later on in South-South conflicts in the early 1990s. In 1995 President Carter brokered the “Guinea Worm ceasefire” between the government of Sudan and the Sudan People’s Liberation Army/Movement which lead to the cessation of conflict in order to treat Guinea Worm disease. Since 2006, The Carter Center’s peace programs have concentrated on political observation, the monitoring of the 2009 national elections and the 2011 national referendum. The Center’s Guinea Worm Eradication Program continues to focus on South Sudan, one of the last vestiges of this devastating and debilitating disease.
"A Poisonous Thorn in Our Hearts" with author James Copnall
Sustainable Energy, Water and Conflict in Sudan and South Sudan
Peace in the Sudans
In October 2013 the seventh event in the Prospects for Peace in Sudan and South Sudan series took place, and it was a marked shift away from history, conflict, and negotiation processes. Instead, it highlighted the importance of memory and memorialization as pathways for a peaceful future in both countries. Jok Madut Jok, undersecretary in South Sudan’s Ministry of Culture, Youths, and Sports, and Ambassador Nureldin Satti, director of the National Library of Sudan and cochair at the Woodrow Wilson International Center’s Sudan Working Group, were invited to discuss the importance of memory and memorialization in the two countries as part of the public “Conversations at The Carter Center” series.
Read about the event in the IDN Newsletter.
Susan D. Page, US Ambassador to South Sudan
As part of the Prospects for Peace in Sudan and South Sudan series, the Institute for Developing Nations and The Carter Center welcomed US Ambassador to South Sudan, Susan D. Page. During her visit, Ambassador Page had a series of closed-door meetings with Carter Center staff from both the health and peace programs and participated in a roundtable discussion with Carter Center staff, Emory faculty, and students. During her public talk, Ambassador Page discussed how issues such as governance, institutions, and human rights affect the prospects for peace in South Sudan and the region. She also discussed how the US is assisting the country as it continues to develop.
Reinventing Peace: Dr. Alex de Waal, World Peace Foundation
Dr. Alex de Waal serves as executive director of the World Peace Foundation at the Fletcher School, Tufts University. Providing intellectual leadership on issues of peace, justice, and security, the Foundation believes that innovative research and teaching are critical to the challenges of making peace around the world and should go hand in hand with advocacy and practical engagement. Considered one of the foremost experts on Sudan and the Horn of Africa, Dr. de Waal’s scholarly work and practice explore humanitarian crisis and response, human rights, HIV/AIDS and governance in Africa, and conflict and peacebuilding. In March 2013, IDN and The Carter Center’s Conflict Resolution Program co-hosted Dr. de Waal for a series of closed-door meetings and public talk at The Carter Center.
While known for his work on Sudan, Dr. de Waal’s talk focused more on how the notion of world peace has shifted since the creation of the World Peace Foundation by Edwin Ginn over 100 years ago. The World Peace Foundation was established during a time of great idealism associated with the international peace movement at the turn of the 20th century. However, this idealism was shattered with the outbreak of World War I, and the prospects for peace remained dismal until the end of World War II. Dr. de Waal noted, however, that since the late 1950s violence and conflict in the world have declined. Over one hundred years after its creation, the World Peace Foundation is still focused on peace, but recognizes current challenges. Dr. de Waal discussed issues that currently threaten world peace in the 21st century –the continued threat of conventional war, new technologies (e.g. armed drones), preparation for war, and dominant powers’ intervention in conflict.
At the conclusion of his talk, Dr. de Waal suggested that we need a new vision and new tools to address world peace. He also urged us to consider peacemaking as an intellectual challenge – to outthink those that see peace as unnecessary.
Prospects for Peace in the Two Sudans: Perspectives from Jubxa and Khartoum
In December 2012 IDN and the Conflict Resolution Program hosted another series of events with experts including General Lazaro Sumbeiywo, former Kenyan Special Envoy to Sudan and Chief Mediator of the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), Dr. Lual Achuek Deng, former Minister of Petroleum in the Government of National Unity, and Dr. Rabi al-Hassan, Director of the Future Studies Institute in Khartoum and Advisor to the National Congress Party.
October 18-22, 2012
Emmanuel Jal: We Want Peace
IDN hosted internationally renowned recording artist, author, and peace activist Emmanuel Jal from October 18-22. As a child soldier in Sudan, Jal experienced firsthand the horrors of the long civil war in his country. After being rescued by a British aid worker he started school but, following her death, he struggled to complete his education. Eventually Jal turned to music as a way to come to terms with his experiences. Today, Jal is one of Africa’s top hip hop artists and an activist for peace and development in South Sudan. His “We Want Peace” campaign challenges individuals to become peace soldiers through activism.
Panel Discussion: Conflict in Sudan and South Sudan
On February 15, 2012, The Institute for Developing Nations and the Carter Center's Conflict Resolution Program co-hosted a Panel discussion with experts on Sudan and South Sudan, held at Emory University Woodruff Library.
Panel Discussion Poster
Identity, Rights, and Citizenship in Post-Referendum Sudan
In April 2011, Emory Law, The Carter Center and Institute for Developing Nations co-sponsored an event, “Identity, Rights, and Citizenship in Post-Referendum Sudan.” Professor Abdullahi Ahmed An-Na'im, Charles Howard Candler Professor of Law at Emory Law School and Rt. Rev. Ezekiel Kondo, Episcopal Bishop of Khartoum and Chair of the Sudan Council of Churches explored the socio-political implications of Sharia law in current day Sudan; the impact of the referendum on Northern Sudan; and North-South relations after secession.